Human and natural systems will, to some degree, adapt autonomously to climate change. Planned adaptation imply decisions and measures within society that help to reduce the adverse impacts of climate change. On the other hand adaptation also has the potential to realise new economic opportunities. Though, many climate-sensitive decisions are directly driven by the need to reduce or otherwise manage anticipated climate risks (Willows & Connel, 2003). The acceptable risks are determined to which risk a society or economy wish to accept or to pay for precautionary measures. As a result major differences can be found between countries.
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